Course Grading

Grades for Undergraduate Courses

Grades and grade points for course assessment are stated in the table below. For the purpose of calculating grade-point averages, numerical grade points are assigned for course grades, except for the following: AU, DI, I, P, PA, PP and W.

Letter Grades Grade Points Definitions
A+ 4.3
Excellent Performance
A 4.0
A- 3.7
B+ 3.3
Good Performance
B 3.0
B- 2.7
C+ 2.3
Satisfactory Performance
C 2.0
C- 1.7
D 1.0 Marginal Pass
F 0 Fail
(1) DI Distinction
(1) PA Pass (Under the DI/PA/F grading system)
P Pass (Under the P/F grading system)
(2) PP Permitted to Proceed
I Incomplete (see AR 7.4)
AU Audited (see AR 5.9)
W Withdrawal without Penalty

1. The DI and PA grades can only be used under the “Distinction/Pass/Fail” grading system.
2. The Permitted to Proceed (PP) grade may be given in two-part or three-part project courses. When progress in thesis or project work is satisfactory but not scheduled for completion at the end of a term, the PP grade will be used. It will be converted to the grade given at the end of the final part of the course. The PP grade is also used at the end of the first term of a two-regular term course, in which case the PP grade is left unchanged when the final grade is recorded at the end of the second term.

Assignment of Grades

Letter grades with grade-points assigned are the default grades for courses. Other letter grades may only be used where this is approved for the course.

Your grades will be assigned on the basis of assessment activities established by the instructor at the beginning of the course and completed by the end of the examination period.

Incomplete Grades

An Incomplete (I) grade is used when completion of your work is necessarily delayed. This grade must be converted to a regular grade at least one working day before the start of the following regular term; otherwise the I grade is converted to an F.

Course Repeats

If you have received a grade F for any course, you may request to repeat the course to improve your grade. If you get a better grade in your second attempt, your previous F grade will not be included in the calculation of your grade averages.

Failing to request to repeat the course may cost you an opportunity to improve your grades, and your F grades will be included in your record.

Note that a failed course may be repeated once only.

Illness or Other Circumstances Affecting Assessment

If you wish for us to take into account an illness or some other extenuating circumstances that have affected your performance in an examination, ability to attend an examination, or completion of other assessment activities, you must report the circumstances of the case in writing and appropriate documentation to the Admissions, Registration and Records Office (ARRO) within 1 week of the scheduled date of the performance assessment activity. The Director of ARRO will review your case and make a recommendation to the relevant Dean or Dean’s designate.

Grade Averages

Two course-grade averages are calculated: a term grade average (TGA) for each term of study; and the cumulative grade average (CGA). Your TGA and CGA will be calculated at the end of each of the four terms of study. They will be based on the grade-points earned for all courses taken in a term.

Courses that are graded Incomplete, Audit, Pass, Distinction or Permitted to Proceed, along with repeated courses under AR 7.3, do not count toward your grade-point average.

Grade Review

If you believe a mistake has been made in the process of calculating or determining the grade for your course, you may apply for a grade review.

We suggest that you first discuss the matter with your course instructor as soon as the course grades are released. Where a clerical or administrative error has been made, the department or unit responsible for the course will report the revised grade to ARRO.

If your concerns remain unresolved after this informal discussion, you may submit a request for a grade review to the Head of the course-offering department or unit in writing, within 2 weeks from the day the grades are released. Your grade review request should:

  • State the grounds for the request for review

  • Describe the relevant facts

  • Provide supporting evidence

If a review is granted, the Head will arrange for the review within 3 weeks after the grades are released.

Grade review requests are normally resolved at the department or unit level. However, if you wish to appeal against the decision of the department or unit, you can do so in writing to the Dean of the School within two weeks of receiving the department’s or unit’s decision. Your appeal should:

  • State the grounds for the request for review

  • Describe the relevant facts

  • Provide supporting evidence

Once your written request is received, the Dean will determine whether or not a review of the grade should be granted and how the review will be conducted. The Dean’s decision is final.